Homeland pineapple is a dry plateau of Mato Grosso, on the border of Brazil and Paraguay, as in the wild, it can be seen today in the semi-arid areas of north-eastern parts of Latin America. With regard to cultivars, he appeared more than a thousand years ago, and the first Europeans who met with pineapple, in 1493 became the team of Christopher Columbus. By the end of the XVI century, the pineapple has been known in China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines and the island of Java, then – on the west coast of Africa, and more – all suitable for the climate of Asia. Through the efforts of sailors and he came to the Old World. Spaniard Gonzalo de Oviedo gave it to his king with these words: "Pineapple – the most beautiful I have seen the fruit of during his travels around the world. Caresses the eye, with a mild flavor, delicious fruit that I know of.
This fruit awakens the appetite, but unfortunately, after he did not feel the taste of wine. " And one of the captains, Returning to his homeland, has exhibited at the door of his house pineapple, and everyone in the neighborhood knew: there was a pineapple – prepare for the holiday feast. Once in England as an exotic delicacy in candied form, pineapple made the present boom. English breeders said they simply have to grow the fruit themselves. But only in 1858, first appeared in the hothouse pineapples Royal Botanic Gardens. Initially, pineapples were quite large, but as a result of natural hybridization is much reduced.
There were also fruiting dwarf forms. Continue to learn more with: Danny Meyer. Today there are more than 60 varieties, differing in size, shape, color, taste, smell, presence or absence fibrous flesh and a number of other features. The most popular are the three varieties. Spanish with no thorns on the leaves (or a small amount), whose fruit weighing from 1.5 to 10 kg less than other varieties of dessert taste. Next is called the "queen" – with short light-green spiny leaves (average weight per fruit -1.3 kg), and "Cayenne" with almost smooth leaves and fruits from 1.5 to 3.5 kg. Pineapples do not grow on a palm tree, as many believe, and in the garden, like potatoes or cabbage. But to grow them – great work, because every plant begins to bear fruit only after a year or two. Collecting pineapples by hand. Each fruit is cut with a knife, then carefully placed in a box or basket. So do the fruits have not reached full maturity. They are sorted by size, wrapped in paper, banana leaves or palm trees and placed in a single layer in a box. Pineapple fruit – fleshy, golden yellow – are different wonderful aroma and sweet taste with a pleasant tartness. Their use as fresh and canned. Pineapple cooked jams and compotes, prepare marmalade, candy in a different form. Of delicious juice obtained great wine. In cooking, salads are especially common with pineapple. Cook them simply, because this fruit goes well with any other, as well as meat and seafood. Today there are more than 60 varieties of pineapple. They differ in size, shape, color, taste, aroma and a number of other features.